On December 27, 2020, President Trump signed the Economic Aid to Hard-Hit Small Businesses, Nonprofits, and Venues Act (the Economic Aid Act) (Pub. L. 116-260) into law to provide continued assistance to individuals and businesses that have been financially impacted by the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.
Section 311 of the Economic Aid Act added a new temporary section 7(a)(37) to the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(37)) that authorizes the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA or the Administration) to guarantee Paycheck Protection Program Second Draw Loans (PPP Second Draw Program), under generally the same terms and conditions available under the Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) established under section 7(a)(36) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)(36)). Under Section 311, SBA may guarantee loans under the PPP Second Draw Program through March 31, 2021 (“Second Draw PPP Loans”) to borrowers that previously received a PPP loan under section 7(a)(36) of the Small Business Act (“First Draw PPP Loans”) and have used or will use the full amount of the initial PPP loan for authorized purposes on or before the expected date of disbursement of the Second Draw PPP Loan.
On January 6, 2021, the SBA and U.S. Treasury Department issued interim rules applicable to the Second Draw PPP loans. This post will highlight some of the key provisions.
Second Draw PPP Loans are generally subject to the same terms, conditions and requirements as First Draw PPP Loans. These include, but are not limited to the following terms:
The Economic Aid Act includes terms and conditions, including but not limited to terms relating to eligibility and a borrower’s maximum loan amount, that apply only to Second Draw PPP Loans and do not apply to First Draw PPP Loans, regardless of when the First Draw PPP Loan is made. The Economic Aid Act generally provides that a borrower is eligible for a Second Draw PPP Loan only if:
Who is Excluded:
An entity is not eligible for a Second Draw PPP Loan even if they otherwise meet the eligibility requirements if:
Revenue Reduction Requirement:
The Economic Aid Act provides that, to be eligible for a Second Draw PPP Loan, the borrower must have experienced a revenue reduction of 25% or greater in 2020 relative to 2019. A borrower may calculate this revenue reduction in the calendar year 2020 in several ways:
The Economic Aid Act does not include a general definition of gross receipts for purposes of determining a borrower’s revenue reduction. The interim rules define gross receipts to include all revenue in whatever form received or accrued (in accordance with the entity’s accounting method) from whatever source, including from the sales of products or services, interest, dividends, rents, royalties, fees, or commissions, reduced by returns and allowances. Generally, receipts are considered “total income” (or in the case of a sole proprietorship, independent contractor, or self-employed individual “gross income”) plus “cost of goods sold,” and excludes net capital gains or losses as these terms are defined and reported on IRS tax return forms. Gross receipts do not include the following: taxes collected for and remitted to a taxing authority if included in gross or total income (such as sales or other taxes collected from customers and excluding taxes levied on the concern or its employees); proceeds from transactions between a concern and its domestic or foreign affiliates; and amounts collected for another by a travel agent, real estate agent, advertising agent, conference management service provider, freight forwarder or customs broker. All other items, such as subcontractor costs, reimbursements for purchases a contractor makes at a customer’s request, investment income, and employee-based costs such as payroll taxes, may not be excluded from gross receipts.
Importantly, gross receipts do not include any forgiveness amount of a First Draw PPP Loan that a borrower received in calendar year 2020.
The interim rule sets forth additional information regarding gross receipts for affiliates and nonprofit organizations.
Maximum Loan Amount:
Generally, the maximum loan amount for a Second Draw PPP Loan is equal to the lesser of two and half months of the borrower’s average monthly payroll costs or $2 million. A borrower is in the Accommodation and Food Services sector and has reported a NAICS code beginning with 72 as its business activity code on its most recent IRS income tax return may be entitled to three and a half months of its average monthly payroll costs.
Payroll costs are calculated in the same manner as First Draw PPP Loans, which included the requirement that the borrower must subtract any compensation paid to an employee in excess of $100,000 on an annualized basis, as prorated for the time period during which the payments are made or the obligation to make the payments is incurred.
When calculating payroll costs, the borrow may base the calculation on calendar year 2020, calendar year 2019. The maximum amount of a typical Second Draw PPP loan is the lesser of:
Special calculation rules are established for: 1) seasonal employers, 2) borrowers that did not exist during the 1-year period preceding February 15, 2020, but was in operation on February 15, 2020, 3) borrowers assigned a NAICS code beginning with 72 at the time of disbursement; 4) farmers and ranchers; 5) borrowers who have income from self-employment; 6) borrowers that file taxes as partnerships; and 7) businesses that are part of a single corporate group. In addition, a borrower is in the Accommodation and Food Services sector and has reported a NAICS code beginning with 72 as its business activity code on its most recent IRS income tax return may multiply its average payroll costs by 3.5 instead of 2.5.
Application and Required Documentation
The applicant must submit to the lender SBA Form 2483-SD (Paycheck Protection Program Second Draw Borrower Application Form) or the lender’s equivalent form including the required certifications and the required documentation. At the time an applicant submits its loan application form, it must submit the following:
In addition, an authorized representative of the applicant must submit a certification similar to that required for the First Draw PPP Loan, with the following changes:
In addition, a representative will need to certify that the proper documentation has been provided (loans greater than $150,000) or will be provided when either seeking forgiveness or at the request of the SBA; and that the borrower used the funds (or will have used the funds) from the First Draw PPP Loan prior to disbursement for eligible costs.
In addition, the representative will certify that it is not excluded pursuant to the disqualifying factors discussed above (See “Who is Excluded?”).
Second Draw PPP Loans are eligible for loan forgiveness on the same terms and conditions as First Draw PPP Loans, except that Second Draw PPP Loan borrowers with a principal amount of $150,000 or less are required to provide documentation of revenue reduction if such documentation was not provided at the time of the loan application.
Generally speaking, loan forgiveness will be provided for the sum of documented payroll costs, covered mortgage interest payments, covered rent payments, covered utilities, covered operations expenditures, covered property damage costs, covered supplier costs, and covered worker protection expenditures, and not more than 40% of the forgiven amount may be for non-payroll costs. These expenses must be made over a covered period between eight and 24 weeks, as selected by the borrower.
Covered operations expenditures, covered property damage costs, covered supplier costs, and covered worker protection expenditures were added as eligible expenses in section 304 of the Economic Aid Act. Except for loans made pursuant to section 7(a)(36) of the Small Business Act for which SBA has remitted a loan forgiveness payment to the lender before December 27, 2020, these eligible expenses apply to any loan made before, on, or after December 27, 2020, including forgiveness of such a loan.
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January 18, 2021
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